Sun Spot cycle background info
1000 years of sun spot data showing "New Dalton Minimum" as 2020 to 2050
Please Google "mini ice age" for more information
NOAA Sunspot Number Progression
Google: You tube Climate Change explained by Geologist Ian Plimer Jan 2017,
or, click on the following link:
Solar Cycle 24 Predictions made in 2007 and 2009:
At the Solar Cycle 24 Minimum in 2020, the next cycle maximum can be predicted. The following article is an approach to predict the cycle 25 maximum 4 years before the cycle 24 minimum.
The bad news is that some studies show sunspot magnetic field strengths have been declining since 2000 and are already close to the minimum needed to sustain sunspots on the solar surface. This is also supported by independent work in 2015 published in the journal Nature. By Cycle 25 or 26, magnetic fields may be too weak to punch through the solar surface and form recognizable sunspots at all, spelling the end of the sunspot cycle phenomenon, and the start of another Maunder Minimum cooling period perhaps lasting until 2100.
But the good news seems to be that none of the current forecasts suggest Cycle 25 will be entirely absent. A few forecasts even hold out some hope that a sunspot maximum equal to or greater than Cycle 24 is possible.
more articles on the new ice age are appearing.
Solar Cycle 26 Prediction:
"In cycle 26, the two waves exactly mirror each other -- peaking at the same time but in opposite hemispheres of the Sun. Their interaction will be disruptive, or they will nearly cancel each other. We predict that this will lead to the properties of a 'Maunder minimum'," said Zharkova.
Reflect of world crops and world population:
http://www.actforlibraries.org/relationship-between-sunspot-activity-and-crop-production/ Relationship between Sunspot Activity and Crop Production
A study done by the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture showed that: 1. Lower than average crop yields are associated with low sunspot activity, 2. Higher than average yields are associated with high sunspot activity and 3. Both the single and double sunspot cycles may give useful information in predictions of yield deviations.
What happens during a "New Dalton Minimum?
It was a time of very cold weather. People called it a "Little Ice Age." The Baltic Sea froze over completely in the winter of 1422-23. There were famines. Norse colonies in Greenland were abandoned because their crops failed and the sea froze over, preventing them from fishing. The colonists were starving and the survivors had no choice but to return to Scandinavia.
A similar, but less dramatic, "sunspot minimum" was just commencing at the time Maunder was studying the records. The Dalton Minimum lasted from about 1795 to 1820 and marked another period of cool weather, during which there was one year, 1813, that came to be known as a year without a summer.
A new sunspot cycle BEGINS with the first appearance of a sun spot after a period of no sun spots
As the sun reaches the end of a cycle, new sunspots appear near the equator, and a new cycle begins with the production of sunspots at higher latitudes on the surface of the sun.
The following list of solar cycles shows solar cycle 6 began in August 1810, reached a peak in May 1816, with a maximum smoothed number of 81.2. (The "year without a summer" was 1813.)
Spring & Summer 1812 were notably cold.
1813-1814 winter: One of the four or five coldest winters in the CET record.
IF NEW CYCLE 25 BEGINS IN 2019 , COULD WE HAVE A YEAR WITHOUT A SUMMER IN 2021 or 2022?
COULD COLDER SUMMERS COME BEFORE THEN? in 2019 or 2020?
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